Today's Highlight in History:
On Jan. 10, 1914, Utah grocer John G. Morrison, 47, and his son Arling, 17, were shot to death in their Salt Lake City store; police arrested labor activist Joe Hill, a member of the Industrial Workers of the World. Despite evidence suggesting another man was responsible, Hill was convicted and executed, becoming a martyr to America's organized labor movement.
On this date:
In 1514, the New Testament portion of the Complutensian Polyglot Bible, featuring parallel texts in Greek and Latin, was completed in Madrid.
In 1776, Thomas Paine anonymously published his influential pamphlet, "Common Sense," which argued for American independence from British rule.
In 1861, Florida became the third state to secede from the Union.
In 1863, the London Underground had its beginnings as the Metropolitan, the world's first underground passenger railway, opened to the public with service between Paddington and Farringdon Street.
In 1870, John D. Rockefeller incorporated Standard Oil.
In 1901, the Spindletop oil field in Beaumont, Texas, produced the Lucas Gusher, heralding the start of the Texas oil boom.
In 1920, the League of Nations was established as the Treaty of Versailles went into effect.
In 1946, the first General Assembly of the United Nations convened in London.
In 1957, Harold Macmillan became prime minister of Britain, following the resignation of Anthony Eden.
In 1964, Vee-Jay Records released "Introducing... The Beatles," an album which ran into immediate legal opposition from Capitol Records, which was about to come out with its own album, "Meet the Beatles!" (After a court battle, the two companies reached a settlement.)
In 1971, "Masterpiece Theatre" premiered on PBS with host Alistair Cooke introducing the drama series "The First Churchills." French fashion designer Coco Chanel died in Paris at age 87.
In 1984, the United States and the Vatican established full diplomatic relations for the first time in more than a century.
Ten years ago: North Korea said it had shown its "nuclear deterrent" to an unofficial U.S. delegation that visited the disputed Yongbyon nuclear complex. Michelle Kwan won her seventh straight title and eighth overall at the U.S. Figure Skating Championships in Atlanta; Johnny Weir skated to his first men's title. Actor-writer Spalding Gray, 62, vanished from his New York apartment (his body was found two months later in the East River). Novelist Alexandra Ripley died in Richmond, Va., at age 70.
Five years ago: Vice President-elect Joe Biden arrived in Afghanistan, where he pledged long-term American support. Tens of thousands of people demonstrated in cities across Europe and in Lebanon against the Israeli offensive in Gaza. The aircraft carrier USS George H.W. Bush was commissioned with its namesake, the 41st president, and other members of the Bush family on hand for the ceremonies at Naval Station Norfolk.
One year ago: President Barack Obama nominated White House chief of staff Jack Lew to be treasury secretary. Vice President Joe Biden met with representatives from the National Rifle Association and other pro-gun groups as he worked on recommendations to curb gun violence. A series of bombings in different parts of Pakistan killed nearly 200 people. Three Kurdish women, including a founder of a militant separatist group battling Turkish troops, were found shot to death in Paris. Major League Baseball announced it would test for human growth hormone throughout the regular season and increase efforts to detect abnormal levels of testosterone.
Today's Birthdays: Opera singer Sherrill Milnes is 79. Blues artist Eddy Clearwater is 79. Rock singer-musician Ronnie Hawkins is 79. Baseball Hall-of-Famer Willie McCovey is 76. Movie director Walter Hill is 74. Singer Frank Sinatra Jr. is 70. Singer Rod Stewart is 69. Rock singer-musician Donald Fagen (Steely Dan) is 66. Actor William Sanderson is 66. Boxing Hall of Famer and entrepreneur George Foreman is 65. Roots rock singer Alejandro Escovedo is 63. Rock musician Scott Thurston (Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers) is 62. Singer Pat Benatar is 61. Hall of Fame race car driver and team owner Bobby Rahal is 61. Rock musician Michael Schenker is 59. Singer Shawn Colvin is 58. Rock singer-musician Curt Kirkwood (Meat Puppets) is 55. Actor Evan Handler is 53. Rock singer Brad Roberts (Crash Test Dummies) is 50. Actress Trini Alvarado is 47. Rock musician Matt Roberts is 36. Rock singer Brent Smith (Shinedown) is 36. Rapper Chris Smith (Kris Kross) is 35. Actress Sarah Shahi is 34.
Thought for Today: "History must speak for itself. A historian is content if he has been able to shed more light." — William L. Shirer, American author and journalist (1904-1993).