An attorney for a man convicted of killing his high school sweetheart, and whose story is at the center of the popular podcast "Serial," argued Thursday that Adnan Syed deserves a new trial.
C. Justin Brown argued that his client's trial attorney, the late Cristina Gutierrez, provided ineffective counsel when she failed to cross-examine the state's cell tower expert about the reliability of location data that placed Syed near the burial site.
He also contends Gutierrez failed to pursue an alibi for his client by calling Asia Chapman to the witness stand. Chapman said she saw Syed at the library in the town of Woodlawn, Maryland, around the same time prosecutors say Lee was killed and that Syed couldn't be the killer.
"I haven't seen a single case in which an attorney failed to contact an alibi witness in which deficiency was not found," Brown told the Maryland Court of Special Appeals, the state's intermediate appellate court.
Brown also told the judges there is a duty to investigate an alibi.
"This is an alibi witness who is providing their phone number and their willingness to testify, and the reason, the reason that this is so important is that there is no more powerful defense than an alibi."
Judges on the panel repeatedly asked about the lack of following up with Chapman.
Thiru Vignarajah, special assistant attorney general arguing on behalf of the state, said it was reasonable not to seek out Chapman, because it was "a deviation" from an alibi Gutierrez was seeking.
"Evaluating a decision not to contact a particular witness isn't just about making that call," Vignarajah said. "It's about making that call versus the strategy that she was pursuing. We know from the record that Ms. Gutierrez and her defense team were very focused on developing an alibi."
He said she was focused on an alibi placing him at the school, not the library.
"It's the kind of thing that the defense attorney would have to make a judgment about," he said.
Shamim Rahman, Syed's mother, attended the hearing, along with Rabia Chaudry, a family friend.
"We're hopeful," Rahman said.
Chaudry said the family spoke with Syed earlier in the day, and that he's "doing well."
"He's in good spirits, and he's patient," Chaudry said.
A lower court judge last year vacated Syed's conviction and ruled that he deserved a new trial because his original attorney failed to cross-examine a key witness. Prosecutors appealed that decision to the appellate court.
The court will issue a written decision at a later date. That decision could later be appealed to the state's highest court, the Court of Appeals.
Syed, who remains in prison, did not attend the hearing. No witness testimony was presented.
Syed was convicted in 2000 of murder in the death of his high school girlfriend, Hae Min Lee, and burying her body in a shallow grave in a park in northwest Baltimore. He was 17 at the time.
Syed's story was widely publicized in the 2014 "Serial" podcast, which cast doubt on his guilt and inspired armchair investigators to dig into the case and unearth new information.
"Serial" attracted millions of listeners and shattered records for the number of times a podcast has been streamed or downloaded. Syed's attorneys say they don't think he would've likely won a new trial without the fanfare surrounding "Serial."
It's Syed's second attempt at a new trial.